Zimbabwe is a landlocked country in Africa, of 39 075 700 hectares, bordered by South Africa, Mozambique, Botswana and Zambia.
Altitudes range from around 500 metres in the northern Zambezi Valley to 1500 metres in the highveld and then slope down again to around 300 metres in the south-east Lowveld.
Zimbabwe also has some of the world’s most ancient rock formations known generally as the Basement Complex. Large scale faulting in the distant past has been responsible for the creation of the Middle Zambezi Valley in the north and the Sabi Valley in the east.
Zimbabwe’s climate is divided mainly into Summer and Winter.
Summer is October to April when maximum temperatures average 32C and during which rains may be expected. Winter is May to September and average temperatures during the day are 20 Celsius, but can drop much lower at night. Very little rain can be expected at this time.
Although game viewing and safari activities take place year round, the game is more easily visible during Winter when the vegetation dries off.
In recent years the rains hae not been very heavy during the Summer, resulting in dry agricultural conditions, but good game viewing conditions for most of the year.
Zimbabwe is serviced externally by its own Air Zimbabwe and by international airlines from many parts of the world. Connections can be made through Johannesburg in South Africa, for destinations not servicing Harare directly.
Air Zimbabwe runs regular internal flights between the capital Harare and Bulawayo and Victoria Falls.
Main airports are at Harare, Bulawayo and Victoria Falls with flights to Johannesburg, Cape Town and other regional destinations from Victoria Falls and Harare.
Surfaced highways link the capital, Harare, with Bulawayo, Hwange, Victoria Falls, Kariba, the Eastern Highlands, Mutare and the Lowveld.
Travellers by road may enter Zimbabwe from South Africa through Beitbrdige, from Botswana through Plumtree or Victoria Falls, from Namibia through Victoria Falls, from Zambia through Victoria Falls, Kariba or Chirundu and from Mozambique through Mutare or Nyamapanda.
Normal sedan vehicles are adequate for the main highways. Lesser used gravel roads into the wilderness areas may require four wheel drive. Car Hire is available in the main towns.
A railway network links the main towns and also connects with Zambia through Victoria Falls and South Africa.
(Countries whose nationals do not require visas)
Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Botswana, Cayman Isl., Congo (DRC), Cyprus, Fiji, Grenada, Hong Kong, Ireland, Jamaica, Kenya, Kiribati, Leeward Isl., Lesotho, Malawi, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Mauritius, Montserrat, Namibia, Nauru, New Zealand, Samoa Western, Singapore, Solomon Isl., St Kitts, St Lucia, St Vincent & the Grenadies, Swaziland, Tanzania, Tonga, Trinidad &Tobago, Turks & Caicos Islands, Tuvalu, Uganda, United Kingdom, Vanuatu, Zambia
( Countries whose nationals are granted visas at the port of entry on payment of the requisite visa fees) Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Britain (U.K), Brunei, Canada, Cook Islands, Denmark, Dominica Rep., Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Ghana*, Greece, Hong Kong, Iceland, Indonesia, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea (South), Kuwait, Liechtenstein, Luxembourg, Monaco, Netherlands, Norway; Palau Islands, Palestine (State of), Papua New Guinea, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico (U.S.A.), Seychelles, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, U.S.A., United Arab Emirates (U.A..E), Uruguay; Vatican, Virgin Islands (U.S.A.).
* gratis visas for Ghanaians
( Countries whose nationals are required to apply for and obtain visas prior to traveling) Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Amtenia, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Belarus, Benin, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Verde Islands, Central African Rep., Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comores Isl., Congo Brazzaville, Congo (D.Rep.), Costa Rica, Cote d’Voire, Croatia,Cuba, Czech Rep., Djibouti Rep., Equator, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ethiopia, Eyrom , French Guiana, French Polynesia, French West Indies, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Gibraltar, Guam, Guatemala, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Guyana; Conakry, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Korea (D.P.R.K), Krygystan, Laos, Latvia, Lebanon, Liberia, Libya, Lithuania, Macau, Madagascar , Mali, Marshall Isl. ,Mauritania, Mexico, Micronesia, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, Nicaragua, Nieu, Niger, Nigeria, Norfolk Islands, Northern Marianna’s, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Qatar, Reunion, Romania, Russia Fed, Rwanda, Samoa (America), San Marino, Sao Tome & Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Slovak Rep., Slovenia, Somalia, South Africa**, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Syria, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Thailand, Togo, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Vietnam, Yemen Rep., Yugoslavia.**gratis visas at port of entry for South Africans-Bilateral agreement.
NB Please check your visa requirements with your Travel Agent before traveling
Zimbabwe is a third world country and visitors will see signs of poverty.
We suggest any desire to assist the poor be channeled into official organisations where the funds are accounted for. Funding beggars simply creates more beggars. Visitors can purchase local handicrafts on offer by vendors and thus support individual enterprise. Motorists may wish to pay for the services of young parking attendants.
Visitors are advised to be aware of the worldwide scourge of pick pocketing and to keep their valuables safe at all times. You should carry identification with you at all times. Avoid walking in darkened places at night and where there are few other people in the vicinity.
Visitors in wildlife areas are asked to act responsibly. Animals may appear docile and “tame”, but they are nevertheless, wild. Animals tolerate man’s presence under certain circumstances, but abuse of this privilege may result in them making an attack. Do not feed animals as this results in the animal ultimately having to be shot because it becomes too dangerous to visitors.
Always comply with your Professional Guide or Courier’s instructions.
A Tourism Levy is charged at 2% on daily rates.
Airport departure tax is currently US$30 per head.
Electricity supply is 220-240V a.c. accessible via 13amp square pinned fused plugs.
Zimbabwe’s vegetation is covered principally by tropical woodlands and savannas interspersed with areas of grassland.
On the central plateau over 1200m the dominant vegetation is savanna woodland with the predominant tree being the “Msasa”. Vleis consisting of moist grassland occur along the drainage lines in both woodland and savanna.
Below 900m we have a more deciduous tree savanna with the Mopane woodlands of the hot, dry river valley systems as in the Middle Zambezi, characterised by many Baobabs. A palm savanna also occurs in more limited areas.
In the eastern highlands, with the increase in rainfall and cooler temperatures, Mopane vegetation predominates and Giant Heath occurs. Health
Malaria preventative medicines are necessary in most of Zimbabwe, particularly in the big game areas in the Zambezi Valley and Lowveld.
Please consult your own physician before coming to Zimbabwe. A pyrimethamine/dapsone combination drug taken once a week is generally used locally, and Chloroquine is first choice of malaria treatment in Zimbabwe..
Bilharzias is present in many dams and rivers and it is advisable to make minimal contact with this water. However, Bilharzias is easily curable by Biltricide or similar medication.
AIDS is prevalent in Africa but may be avoided by refraining from irresponsible sexual behaviour. All Medical Blood Bank serum and blood is tested prior to use.
Medical Air Rescue and Ambulance Services are available in most areas of Zimbabwe. Insurance cover for this is available – please speak to your Tour Organiser or Operator who can assist in obtaining this cover.
Private as well as Government clinics, hospitals and Medical Practitioners are available at the main city/town centers. All Professional Guides have First Aid Training.